1. COVID-19 infects and kills cilia cells, the hairlike cells in your lungs that clear out viruses and pollen. Without cilia cells, your lungs can fill with fluid and other stuff that shouldn't remain in them. COVID-19 also attacks mucus cells. These cells are important because they keep the lungs moist so they can work.
  2. Covid-19 may not show sign of infection for many days.
  3. If you have a runny nose and sputum, you have a common cold; an early coronavirus symptom is a dry cough with no runny nose. (see below)
  4. If someone sneezes with it, it takes about 10 feet before it drops to the ground and is no longer airborne.
  5. If it drops on a metal surface it will live for at least 12 hours - so if you come into contact with any metal surface - wash your hands as soon as you can with a bacterial soap.
  6. On fabric it can survive for 6-12 hours; normal laundry detergent will kill it.
  7. Wash your hands frequently as the virus can only live on your hands for 5-10 minutes, but a lot can happen during that time: you can rub your eyes, pick your nose unwittingly and so on.


  1. The statistics are currently debateable and there is a lot of fake and/or false news about. The Black Death it is not, and most people who get it survive. However, .....
  2. Current estimates put the virus' fatality rate at around two to three-and-a-half percent. That's much lower than SARS, which had a global fatality rate of around 10 percent.
  3. Another source of statistics is HERE:
  4. Older people and those with weakened immune-systems are most vulnerable, especially those with fairly serious preconsisting conditions.
  5. The virus initially attacks a human's breathing apparatus, specifically throat and lungs.
  6. Treatment involves support to breathing, including the giving of oxygen.
  7. There is no specific antiviral treatment yet available. Victims should receive supportive care to help relieve symptoms. For severe cases, treatment should include care to support vital organ functions.
  8. Essentially, the body currently has to defeat it with its own defence mechanisms.
  9. The WHO reported that most COVID-19 deaths appear to be from multi-organ failure.


  • When outside the house, avoid touching public surfaces as much as possible: lift buttons, escalator rails, handles, doorknobs, shelves in shops and so on.
  • DO NOT shake hands or do a Continental kiss: use an elbow bump instead - or a hand sign not involving contact.
  • NEVER touch your face with your hands (difficult to avoid, so concentrate on it), and WASH HANDS thoroughly as often as practicable, especially when returning home.
  • Use a tissue when sneezing and put it in a bin immediately after use, then WASH YOUR HANDS thoroughly.
  • Avoid contact with others in confined spaces; rush hour on commuter trains and buses would seem best avoided - but very difficult for some. THIS is when a mask is essential.